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It’s unusually cold this winter… Summary of health care tips for the year-end and New Year holidays

At this time of year when the temperature drops below freezing, you need to pay close attention to your health. This is because, in the process of adapting to the sudden cold weather, the immune system may drop. We have compiled a list of ‘midwinter health care rules’ ranging from diseases to be especially careful about in winter to prevention methods.

Respiratory disease
Drink warm water frequently and wash your hands after going out

In winter, it is easy to catch respiratory diseases such as colds. This is because the daily temperature difference is large and dry. The bronchi are particularly weak in a cold and dry environment. In this kind of weather, the virus tends to penetrate the body more easily.

Adequate fluid intake and a balanced diet are essential to prevent respiratory diseases. Drinking warm water or sweet drinks, especially, helps maintain body temperature. Ventilation and indoor humidity are also important. If the door is tightly closed because it is cold, the indoor air becomes turbid, which can adversely affect health. It is recommended to ventilate three times a day at an interval of two or three hours, at least 10 minutes to a maximum of 30 minutes.

Respiratory diseases can be prevented to some extent by proper personal hygiene. This is because most viruses start from human hands and are passed on to other people’s hands, and from those hands they are passed on to the mucous membranes such as the nose and mouth and become infected. Therefore, it is always a good idea to wash your hands after going out.

Dry eczema
bath is short with lukewarm water… “Use a humidifier”

Winter is the season when the skin suffers in particular. When the cold wind blows, the core function of the epidermis, moisture retention, is not smooth, so the skin becomes dry and prone to dry eczema. Dry eczema is a disease in which the skin surface cracks like cracks in old pottery when white scales occur. When the moisture in the epidermis is reduced, not only mild skin inflammation continues, but also it becomes vulnerable to allergens, infections, and sunlight.

To prevent dry eczema, the most important thing is to keep your skin from drying out. If the room becomes dry due to heating, it is good to replenish the moisture by turning on a humidifier or hanging a wet towel. Take a short bath with mild soap, mildly acidic synthetic detergent, and moisturizer. Adjust the water temperature so it doesn’t get too hot.

Early dry eczema, when symptoms are not severe, improves noticeably by improving the indoor environment and using an appropriate moisturizer. However, if your eczema is dry enough to interfere with your daily life, you need professional treatment. Once dry skin has deteriorated beyond a certain level, it is very difficult to reverse it. Dry eczema can recur at any time and gets worse with age, so it must be managed thoroughly.

Relaxing the heart muscle with light stretching immediately after waking up from acute myocardial infarction

Patients with cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure or stroke should be especially careful about temperature changes. This is because it can lead to fatal consequences such as sudden cardiac death. When the temperature is low, blood vessels in the body constrict and blood flow and oxygen flow may not be smooth. Blood pressure also rises. In this case, if the oxygen demand increases rapidly due to sudden physical activity or stress, the oxygen supply to the heart becomes insufficient, and an acute myocardial infarction may occur.

The best prevention is to slowly relax your heart muscle with light stretching and stretching when you wake up in the morning and start doing physical activity. Sudden cardiac death may occur without any symptoms, but in most cases, symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and palpitations appear first. If you have chest pain or squeezing or squeezing pain, see a specialist as soon as possible.

Keep warm with underwear for joints and spine diseases
, knee blankets… Sudden movement is ‘poison’

In winter, when the air is cold, the muscles contract and the joints become stiff, making it easy to develop joint and spinal diseases such as arthritis or spinal discs. Arthritis is a condition in which the cartilage that acts as a buffer between the bones wears away, causing pain in the surrounding muscles and bones. It occurs more frequently in the elderly and obese, and occurs mainly in the knees, hips, and vertebral joints.

In order to prepare for arthritis in winter, it is good to pay attention to keeping warm with regular underwear or knee blankets. If you improve blood circulation with a half-bath or poultice, your joints will become more flexible. Regular exercise also helps to strengthen the joints. However, it is important to note that sudden movements can put stress on the joints and cause an acute disc.

Seasonal Depression: Getting
lots of sunlight helps… hang out with people often

In winter, the frequency of depression, which is called a ‘cold of the heart’, also increases. In winter, when sunlight is relatively low, the secretion of the hormone ‘melatonin’ decreases, which can add to a depressed mood. The main symptoms of depression include a depressed mood, lack of energy, extreme fatigue, weight gain, and changes in appetite.

To overcome seasonal depression, it is good to take a walk or run on a sunny day to increase the amount of sunlight. Spending less time alone while meeting a lot of other people also helps.

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